Monetary Realism

Understanding The Modern Monetary System…


The Unpleasant Fiscal Arithmetic of Eurozone QE with Risk of Sovereign Defaults

Paul De Grauwe has written about potential fiscal effects from an anticipated ECB quantitative easing (QE) program: The analysis is excellent to a point, but doesn’t go far enough. In fact, there are problems with the methodology and the conclusion. The subject involves complex aspects of Eurozone monetary policy – multiple sovereigns, the prospect… Read More

Why NGDP Targeting Won’t Work in Reality

Congratulations to Scott Sumner on his new career and fund raising for a NGDP futures market. It looks like his dream of NGDP targeting could really come to fruition at some point. That’s a good thing because it means we might actually get to see whether there’s some real world effect behind all the theoretical talk.… Read More

Scott Sumner has a New Job

Scott Sumner has a new job where he will be free to focus on monetary policy and NGDP futures. Good for him. NGDP isn’t a terrible way to help think about monetary policy. However, NGDP futures are a dead end. They cannot work. I feel a bit bad for the person who is funding Scott S… Read More


This is rather impressive: “Cash still exists in rather surprising quantity – about a trillion dollars, or more than $3,000 per capita, 77% of it in hundred-dollar bills. But you and I, corporate businesses, and financial markets use trivial amounts of cash. The legal, and especially corporate and financial economies, have moved to electronic, interest-bearing… Read More